Was Joan of Arc really a military genius–or actually a man–or a mystic, a witch, a liar, a lunatic, medieval religious reformer, fascist, communist, proto-feminist, heretic or saint?
Becoming a world symbol, Joan of Arc has been embraced by Napoleon, Nazi Germany, Marxist ideology, and French political parties. The Catholic Church has also claimed her as a Saint. Competing interpretations have strived to capture her enduring mystery. In LIGHTS OF MADNESS: In Search of Joan of Arc, Dr. Russell, with his background as a physician, concludes with diverse medical attempts to define Joan of Arc.